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Texts of Terror Paper (Overtures to Biblical Theology): Literary Feminist Readings of Biblical Narratives In her small but significant work, Texts of Terror, Phyllis Trible presents her feminist readings of four Old Testament female characters Hagar Gen 16 1 16 21 9 21 , Tamar 2 Sam 13 1 22 , the unnamed concubine Judges 19 , and the daughter of Jephthah Jdg 11 29 40.The book achieves its literary effect in three ways First, the author extracts four stories from the biblical canon and assembles them into a single work, unified by a common theme This extracting and assembling relocates the stories from their larger canonical contexts, and affords the author the flexibility to highlight powerfully the concerns that these texts may engender together.Second, the retelling of the four stories allows the author to control elements in the narrative, so that the reader can see the point that she is highlighting through the stories Thus, Trible is not just a commentator of these stories She is, rather, like a second narrator who uses the raw materials provided by the biblical narrator to bring across a message to the contemporary reader Her comments, analysis and observations of the biblical text are woven into the re narration Trible virtually takes over from the biblical narrator to control the story, in order to direct our attention to concerns that she wants to raise to her readers.Third, at the end of each story, Trible takes on the role of a mentor or spiritual guide She invites her readers to make a personal response to the story as narrated, after sharing the responses of others as well as her own In fact, her comments at the end of each story flows so naturally from the narrative proper that it is difficult to see where her story ends and her guiding begins This impresses upon the reader that his her response continues the story today.The combination of these elements in the book, together with Phyllis powerful literary skills, is what makes this book so potent even if I do not personally agree with her approach in not letting Scripture speak on its own terms. Professor Trible Focuses On Four Variations Upon The Theme Of Terror In The Bible By Combining The Discipline Of Literary Criticism With The Hermeneutics Of Feminism, She Reinterprets The Tragic Stories Of Four Women In Ancient Israel Hagar, Tamar, An Unnamed Concubine, And The Daughter Of Jephthah In Highlighting The Silence, Absence, And Oppostition Of God, As Well As Human Cruelty, Trible Shows How These Neglected Stories Interpreted In Memoriam Challenge Both The Misogyny Of Scripture And Its Use In Church, Synagogue, And Academy Phillis Trible, a professor at Union Theological Seminary in New York City, is a noted authority on feminist interpretation and literary analysis of biblical stories of the Hebrew Scriptures Old Testament From the start of her career, Trible has addressed the topic of how gender and gender sex relationships are represented in the bible She looks for biblical themes that have a depatriarchalizing principle , which she admits is a relatively minor theme in the biblical texts.However, this particular book, Texts of Terror , addresses the situation from a different view these are stories in which women suffer tremendously under the weight of different kinds of patriarchal and male dominated societal s Trible employs feminist critique and literary analysis to four particular stories that of Hagar, Sarah s maid and mother of Ishmael David s daughter Tamar the daughter of Jephthah, sacrificed for her father s promise and an unnamed concubine from Judges 19, who was brutalised in an astonishingly violent episode in the bible These stories are offered up in way of a memoriam the text has graphic openings with tombstones to each of the women, including an epitaph for each.Trible offers her own translations of the Hebrew texts, translating as literally as possible in most instances She goes into great detail, drawing out the contradictions and paradoxes in the stories, and makes every aspect important These are sad stories, as Trible says, and they deserve honesty as they come to us Trible highlights in her introduction various pitfalls placing the stories in a disconnected past, recasting the Hebrew stories in a solely New Testament context, and to find an inappropriately happy or redemptive ending in these without allowing the honest conclusion, that sad stories have sad endings Her idea is rather to let the texts speak and be difficult to wrestle with, in the same manner as Jacob wrestled with the mysterious figure near the Jabbok river We should not let the stories go until they bless us, but be aware that they may not bless us in the manner we expect.This is an excellent book for students and scholars There are multiple indexes subject, scripture, Hebrew word, author editor , extensive footnoting, and well supported scholarship These chapters come from the Beecher Lectures at Yale As scholar Walter Brueggemann states in the foreword, Trible s work with the method of rhetorical criticism, operating on the presumption that every word is intentional and nothing is left to chance, is equally true of Trible s own words.Trible s purpose, beyond the scholarship, is to offer honest and sympathetic readings of these texts of terror in the hopes that we as modern readers will recognise the kinds of conditions and issues still operative in the world, and work to end such terrors. My word how lucky we are to live in an age and society that values the female This account of the abuse of women in the Bible is effectively a social account of that age and how half of the population was literally the property of the other half, purely as a result of their sex, to be used, abused and disposed of at will, without any rights or recrimination An offence against a woman was only important in that it was an offence against the man who owned her father, husband, brother, son or master This deep and moving reading of the text, with comments, is a gripping and as someone has described, mesmerising, volume It is short, but brutal and poignant, and no one reading it can remain unaffected The chosen texts are Old Testament ones, but things were largely unchanged by the time of Christ Christ recognised women as people in a society in which they were non persons, and his humanity has benefitted us all.And before we become too smug, we should remember that not only is a large proportion of humanity still living under this yoke, but that even here in Britain, it is only a little over 100 years that women have been allowed to own their own property, less than 100 years since women were recognised as being mentally capable of voting, and even recently that they won the right to refuse sex within marriage, and to be paid an equal wage for their work And what is particularly horrifying, is that often other women, brainwashed by the status quo, helped to hold them back And even in our own comparatively cosy society, women, physically weaker, are likely to be subject to physical, sexual and emotional abuse and exploitation than men No one, nowhere should have to suffer in this way. Really pleased with my book, it was delivered extremely quickly and in immaculate condition I use thisa book a lot for academic work, so is great to have my own copy

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